Rubber Flooring, Playground Tiles, Rubber Pavers, Deck Tiles, Rubber Gym Mats - Advance Rubber Flooring

Crumb Rubber Research

Crumb Rubber Studies

As stewards of our environment we are committed to staying at the forefront of industry knowledge about the safe collection, recycling and reuse of scrap tires. The many benefits derived from this recycling stream allow for the innovative creation of products found in our everyday lives.  From Playground Tiles to Rubber Pavers or Rubber Deck Tiles to Landscape Mulch, recycled tire rubber is used to make a meaningful impact in our homes and our communities.

Styrene Butadiene Rubber

Tires are engineered to withstand the rigors of driving and as such contain many chemicals used during their manufacture.  Through the marvels of science we have been able to create a better performing, longer lasting tire made from synthetic materials that reduce our need to consume our natural resources while providing a safer, better performing ride.  Many questions have arisen from the use of these synthetic materials regarding the health and safety of their reuse in tire derived products made from recycled tires.  


The chemical vulcanization and cross linking of polymers that enables these synthetic materials to be formed into tires that perform under the most harsh conditions also limits the bio availability of these chemical compounds keeping them inert and is ultimately the reason why SBR rubber is so durable and takes lifetimes to breakdown naturally.

There have been dozens of studies examining the health and safety of using recycled tire productions in many applications including playgrounds, sports fields, landscape, civil engineering and pavement construction.  Some will argue that any each of these studies contains "data gaps" that limit their applicability to addressing health and safety concerns.  But when taken together, the entire body of works provides a very comprehensive look at the potential health implications of using recycled tire products these varying types of projects.  NONE of the bodies of work have ever identified a link to cancer or even provided the slightest suggestion that one may exist.  

Health and Safety

These studies have consistently found that the use of tire derived products causes no elevated health risk through contact with the materials, ingestion of the materials or from breathing vapors from off gassing of these materials.  Numerous studies have also examined the potential for heavy metal leaching into ground water supplies and have found that the level of leaching is so small it poses no elevated risk.

We present the following research for your review.  

Crumb Rubber Research


Publisher Work Title Type Date
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene A Review of the Potential Health and Safety Risks from Synthetic Turf Fields Containing Crumb Rubber Infill Literature Review and Analysis May 2008
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation A Study to Assess Potential Environmental Impacts from the Use of Crumb Rubber as Infill Material in Synthetic Turf Fields Literature Review, New Testing, Analysis Jun 2008
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Air Quality Survey of Synthetic Turf Fields Containing Crumb Rubber Infill New Testing, Analysis Mar 2009
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation An Assessment of Chemical Leaching, Releases to Air and
Temperature at Crumb Rubber Infilled Synthetic Turf Fields
New Testing, Analysis May 2009
University of Connecticut Artificial Turf Field Investigation in Connecticut - Final
New Testing, Analysis Jul 2010
Norwegian Institute of Public Health and the Radium Hospital Artificial Turf Pitches - an Assessment of the Health Risks for
Football Players
New Testing, Analysis Jan 2006
The Society for Risk Analysis Bioaccessibility and Risk Exposure to Metals and SVOCs in
Artificial Turf Field Fill Materials and Fibers
New Testing, Analysis Dec 2013
Connecticut Department of Public Health EHS Circular Letter 2015-02 Position Statement Feb 2015
EEDEMS, Aliapur, ADEME, FieldTurf Environmental and Health Assessment of the use of Elastomer Granulates (Virgin and from Used Tyres) as Filling in Third-Generation Artificial Turf New Testing, Analysis Jun 2007
dr. U. Hofstra Environmental and Health Risks of Rubber Infill New Testing, Analysis Jan 2007
Environmental Protection Agency A Scoping-Level Field Monitoring Study of Synthetic Turf Fields and Playgrounds New Testing, Analysis Nov 2009
California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment Evaluation of Health Effects of Recycled Waste Tires in
Playground and Track Products
Literature Review, New Testing, Analysis Jan 2007
Milone and MacBroom Evaluation of the Environmental Effects of Synthetic Turf
Athletic Fields
New Testing, Analysis Dec 2008
Dr. Laura C. Green Ph.D., D.A.B.T. Assessment of Recent Media Reports of Cancer Among Soccer Players using Synthetic Turf Fields Analysis, Opinion Mar 2015
Connecticut Deparment of Public Health Human Health Risk Assessment of Artificial Turf Fields Based
Upon Results from Five Fields in Connecticut
New Testing, Analysis Jul 2010
Springer-Verlag Hydroxypyrene in Urine of Football Players after Playing on
Artificial Sports Field with Tire Crumb infill
New Testing, Analysis Sep 2009
LaboSport Toxicological Analysis of Performance Infill for Synthetic Turf
New Testing, Analysis Nov 2014
Danish Technological Institute Mapping, Emissions and Environmental and Health Assessment of
Chemical Substances in Artificial Turf
Literature Review, New Testing, Analysis Jul 2008
Concord Public Works Rubber Crumb Health Risk Evaluation Literature Review, Analysis Apr 2007
Public Health Directorate of the Ministry of Health, Welfare and
Nitrosamines Released from Rubber Crumb New Testing, Analysis Jun 2007
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Environmental Assessment and Risk Analysis Literature Review, Analysis Jun 2007
Rubber Manufacturers Association Review of the Human Health and Ecological Safety of Exposure to recycled Tire Rubber Found at Playgrounds and Synthetic Turf Fields Literature Review, New Testing, Analysis July 2008
UC Berkeley Review of the Impacts of Crumb Rubber in Artificial Turf
Literature Review, New Testing, Analysis Feb 2010
California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery Safety Study of Artificial Turf Containing Crumb Rubber Infill
Made from Recycled Tires
Literature Review, New Testing, Analysis Oct 2010
Various Contributors The Facts about SBR Literature Review, Analysis Jun 2007